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Estonia

Last updated on 3/5/2019
View all currencies in Euro (€)

Minimum gross wage

Applicable
500 EUR per month 2018
2.97 EUR per hour 2018

Daily

8 hours per day standard
8 * hours for night work

Weekly

40 hours per week standard
48 * hours for night work

Overtime

5 hours per day
8 to 12 hours per week

Breaks

after 6 hours of work (for minors after 4.5 hours of working)
30 minutes
Not part of standard working time
Not paid

Within Estonia

Travel allowance

Info
An employee has the right to demand compensation for expenses relating to a business trip (travel and accommodation expenses and other costs associated with business travel).

Meal allowance

Not applicable

Accommodation allowance

An employee has the right to demand compensation for expenses relating to a business trip (travel and accommodation expenses and other costs associated with business travel).

Subsistence/daily allowance

22.37 EUR per day only in case of a business trip abroad (50 km from the border)

Overtime

50 % of salary per hour
time off equals overtime

Evening work

Not allowed

Night work

Allowed
From 10:00 pm to 6:00 am
25 % of salary per hour
or additional time off

Working on Saturdays

Allowed
Info
It is presumed that the weekly rest time is granted on Saturday and Sunday.

Working on Sundays

Allowed
Info
It is presumed that the weekly rest time is granted on Saturday and Sunday.

Working on public holidays

Not mandatory
Allowed
100 % of salary per hour
or additional time off

Shift work

Allowed

Hazardous work

Not applicable

Standby pay

Applicable
Average wage of worker

Annual holidays allowance

Applicable

13th month

Not applicable

14th month

Not applicable

Additional wage components

Applicable
Info
In agreement with the employer, the employee may receive part of the employer's profit or turnover or remuneration on a contract concluded between the employer and a third party.

Number of holidays

28 days per year (annual holiday)
35 days per year (annual holiday for minors, employees with partial or no work ability)

Public holidays

12 days 2018
1st January - New Year’s Day
24th February – lndependence Day and anniversary of the Republic of Estonia
Good Friday
Easter Sunday
1st May – May Day
Pentecost
23rd June – Victory Day
24th June – Midsummer Day
20th August – Day of Restoration of Independence
24th December – Christmas Eve
25th December – Christmas Day
26th December – Boxing Day

Social security contributions

Info
Social tax
The social tax is paid at a rate of 33% on all payments made to employees for salaried work performed. Employers pay the social tax in full. There is always a minimum obligation on social tax to be paid, which equals 33% (since 2017) of the minimum envisaged by the budget act.
In 2017, it is 139.75 EUR monthly, even if there were no payments for salaried work.

Additional social security insurance

1.6 % of gross salary unemployment insurance premium
Info
Employers pay the unemployment insurance premium at a rate of
0.8% of the gross monthly salary.

Income tax

20 % of gross salary

Additional pension funds

2 % of gross salary
Info
If requested by the employee the rate can be 3%. Once joined, the obligatory funded pension system cannot be abandoned. Everyone born after 1st January 1983 is obliged to join.

Sickness/illness

70 % of average salary
Info
The benefit is paid by the employer from day 4 to day 8. From day 9, the benefit is paid by the Health Insurance Fund.

If the employer supplies the data of the employee electronically, the documentation is presented electronically by the employer and the Doctor (EHIF database).

See more at: https://www.haigekassa.ee/en
For posted workers
The benefit for incapacity for work will be paid by the person’s state of residence, i.e. the country that issued the E106 or S1 forms as well as the European Health Insurance Card.

See more at: https://www.haigekassa.ee/en/workers-posted-estonia-other-eu-member-states-form-e106

Work injuries/accidents

100 % of average salary
Info
The benefit is paid by the Health Insurance Fund from the second day of the exemption from work
For posted workers
The benefit for incapacity for work will still be paid by the person’s state of residence, i.e. the country that issued the E106 or S1 forms as well as the European Health Insurance Card.

Info Contacts

Estonian Trade Union Confederation

Pärnu mnt 41a 10119 Tallinn Estonia
T. (+372) 6412 800
You can contact us in the following languages
Estonian

Labour Inspectorate of Estonia

Mäealuse 2/2 (building B), 12618 TALLINN
T. (+372) 640 6000
You can contact us in the following languages
English, Estonian